The hottest civil aviation bureau will carry out a

2022-07-23
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CAAC will carry out the airworthiness work of UAVs. AVIC Yihang AAV is a pilot project. Figure: AVIC Yihang AAV conducts normalized flight test at AVIC Yihang flight base in Guangzhou, China

on January 23, 2019, the Airworthiness Certification Division of China Aircraft issued the guiding opinions on Airworthiness Certification of UAVs based on operational risk, which made it clear that the airworthiness management system of UAVs based on operational risk would be initially established by the end of 2019, and announced that pilot airworthiness certification had been established in five domestic UAV enterprises, focusing on exploring cargo UAVs, line patrol UAVs Airworthiness standards and certification methods for manned unmanned aerial vehicles - Yihang intelligent GWT series high temperature creep endurance testing machine is the first pilot unit for airworthiness certification of manned unmanned aerial vehicles in China independently developed by Jinan new era testing instruments Co., Ltd. It is also a member of various special working groups for civil unmanned aerial vehicles management of Civil Aviation Administration of China. It takes the world's first manned autonomous aerial vehicle (AAV) as the pilot project, Volunteer to assist CAAC in conducting operational risk analysis, airworthiness standard formulation and verification of manned UAVs

in recent years, the domestic civil UAV industry has developed rapidly. In particular, when the UAV is connected to the mobile communication network to become a "joint UAV", its value is no longer limited to aerial photography, It extends to "UAV + industrial application" An important speech was delivered at the ceremony, emphasizing that relevant legislative work should be accelerated in areas such as UAVs. On January 23, CAAC issued the guidance on Airworthiness Certification of UAVs based on operational risk (hereinafter referred to as the "opinions")

encourage "first try first" and establish approval principles with Chinese characteristics

at present, the State Air Traffic Control Commission has taken the lead in drafting the Interim Regulations on the flight management of unmanned aerial vehicles, which provides a basis for realizing the flight of unmanned aerial vehicles and related activities and ensuring the smooth and efficient development of flight management. CAAC is also preparing relevant UAV operation and management regulations for support. The opinions clearly states that the airworthiness certification management of civil UAVs in China will adhere to the four guiding principles of "hierarchical management, focusing on the system", "standard guidance, positive thinking", "trial first, step-by-step implementation" and "relying on the network and convenient service". Its core guiding ideology is as follows:

first, adhere to the close cooperation between validation and operation, determine risks through pilot operation, match validation requirements, and explore validation methods with Chinese characteristics

2. Adhere to the positive certification path, that is, refine the certification standards and CAAC regulations from industrial standards, seek to realize lane changing overtaking in UAV certification, and explore the certification path with Chinese characteristics

III. adhere to the spirit of release, management and service, take advantage of the rich experience of domestic UAV manufacturers, encourage manufacturers to take the initiative to undertake airworthiness, make full use of the information system to implement supervision, create good interaction between the industry and CAAC, and explore the certification mode with Chinese characteristics

Yihang AAV has been listed as the key promotion project for approval. The opinion points out that relying on the real name registration system and in combination with the UAV operation management system (UOM) of the Civil Aviation Administration, the UAV approval module is built to realize the application and approval in the whole process. Therefore, CAAC will establish a risk classification method for UAVs based on operational risk and carry out hierarchical management of UAV airworthiness certification. CAAC's review method will change from clause review to manufacturer's system review, guide manufacturers to establish and improve the Airworthiness System of UAV design and production enterprises, and urge UAV manufacturers to actively assume the airworthiness subject. At the same time, following the positive thinking to formulate airworthiness standards, and following the path of "industrial standards → industrial standards → airworthiness standards", China has established its own airworthiness standard system for UAVs. After the manufacturer meets the system requirements and the UAV meets the airworthiness standards, the UAV airworthiness certificate can be issued

at present, all UAV products of Yihang intelligent have completed real name registration. Among them, the manned autopilot aircraft independently developed by Yihang has been listed as the key focus of civil UAV certification. The urban three-dimensional air traffic based on Yihang is the focus of attention in the world, and is expected to provide a new way for human travel in the near future. Yihang intelligent is assisting CAAC to analyze the part related to UAV system in the operation risk of manned UAV, and jointly establish relevant approval standards and basis based on the real data of actual operation

"four ones" management mode, to implement the unlimited potential of the civil UAV industry

based on the practical experience and achievements accumulated in the pilot UAV enterprises, the Civil Aviation Administration will carry out the airworthiness certification of civil UAVs based on operational risks, aiming at the characteristics of rich operational scenarios and diverse operational risks of UAVs, so as to form a method, a system, a set of standards "Four ones" civil UAV airworthiness management mode of one certificate

"one method" refers to adopting the risk classification method to carry out hierarchical management of UAV airworthiness certification. "One system" refers to the change of CAAC's review method from clause review to manufacturer's system review, guiding manufacturers to establish and improve the Airworthiness System of UAV design and production enterprises, and promoting the formulation of unmanned energy environment development strategy. According to the requirements of energy saving and new energy vehicle technology roadmap and other policies, aircraft manufacturers take the initiative to assume the airworthiness subject. "One set of standards" refers to the development of airworthiness standards following the positive thinking, and the establishment of China's independent UAV airworthiness standard system in accordance with the path of "industrial standards → industrial standards → airworthiness standards". "One certificate" means that once the manufacturer meets the system requirements and the UAV meets the airworthiness standards, the UAV airworthiness certificate can be issued

the opinion determines that by the end of 2019, the UAV airworthiness management system based on operational risk will be preliminarily completed. At the same time, with the technological progress and business model innovation, UAV will eventually integrate into and deeply affect the civil aviation transportation system, and the UAV industry will eventually keep pace with the UAV industry, and even replace it in some fields

founder of Yihang intelligence CEO huhuazhi said: "Yihang manned autopilot aircraft has witnessed a major innovation in the airworthiness management of China's civil UAVs. The three-dimensional urban air traffic led by Yihang is no longer a future concept, but a 'China smart manufacturing' that will soon be realized. China and Yihang have been at the forefront of the world, building a number of innovative application scenarios for UAVs, including urban three-dimensional air traffic, UAV logistics, smart city management and airspace landscaping media A literal air ecosystem. "

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